Mahmud of Ghazni


Mahmud of Ghazni
(971-1030)
   On succeeding his father, Subuktigin (977-998), on the throne in 998, he obtained recognition of his sovereignty by the Abbasid caliph, impelling him to perceive himself in the role of a religious warrior. Between 1000 and 1026, Mahmud carried out 17 plundering raids in India, including the one in which the Somanath temple on the seashore in Kathiawar was de-stroyed (1025). The wealth plundered by Mahmud in India was used for his military campaigns in Central Asia and Persia. Hindu soldiers recruited from among defeated Indians were used in some of these campaigns. He neither established his direct rule in any part of India beyond the Punjab nor did he try to convert defeated Hindu chiefs and their subjects to Islam. There were many among the contempo-rary Islamic elite, including the famous Abu Rehan Alberuni, who did not approve of Mahmud's plundering raids into India.

Historical dictionary of Medieval India. . 2011.

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  • Mahmud of Ghazni — /meuh moohd ; guz nee/ A.D. 971? 1030, Muslim Amir of Ghazni 997 1030. * * * …   Universalium

  • Mahmud of Ghazni — /meuh moohd ; guz nee/ A.D. 971? 1030, Muslim Amir of Ghazni 997 1030 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mahmud von Ghazna — Mahmud und Ayaz. Mahmud steht rechts und schüttelte die Hand des Scheichs, während Ayaz hinter ihm steht. Die Figur, die rechts von den dreien steht, ist Schah Abbas I., der aber erst 600 Jahre später regierte. Das Gemälde ist im Teheran Museum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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